No evidence Hezbollah leadership involved in assassination of former Lebanese PM: UN-backed tribunal

The main defendant in the trial of four men charged with conspiracy to kill former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri was a member of Hezbollah and used a cellphone critical in the attack, judges at a UN-backed tribunal said on Tuesday.

As an hours-long reading of the verdict got underway, judges said they were “satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt” that the evidence showed that Salim Jamil Ayyash possessed “one of six mobiles used by the assassination team.”

The judges were yet to rule on Ayyash’s guilt or innocence on charges including committing a terrorist attack and homicide.

“The evidence also established that Mr. Ayyash had affiliation with Hezbollah,” said Judge Micheline Braidy, reading a summary of the 2,600-page verdict.

The three other defendants are also alleged members of the Iran-backed Shiia Muslim group.

A combination picture shows Salim Jamil Ayyash, one of four men tried in absentia in the assassination of Lebanon’s former Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri. (Special Tribunal for Lebanon/Reuters)

Judges said they had however found no evidence that the leadership of Hezbollah or the Syrian government had played a part in the attack that left 21 others dead. Hezbollah has denied any involvement in the Feb. 14, 2005 bombing.

The reading of the verdict by the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, which began on Tuesday, is expected to take several hours and comes as Lebanese are still reeling from the aftermath of a huge explosion that killed 178 people this month and from an economic meltdown that has shattered their lives.

Hariri’s assassination plunged Lebanon into what was then its worst crisis since the war, setting the stage for years of confrontation between rival political forces.

Judges attend a session of the United Nations-backed Lebanon Tribunal, which is handing down a judgment in the case of four men being tried in absentia for the 2005 bombing that killed Hariri and 21 other people. (Piroschka Van De Wouw/Pool/Reuters)

Even before judges began reading their 2,600-page verdict into Hariri’s killing, Lebanon’s an-Nahar daily newspaper ran a headline: “International Justice Defeats Intimidation.”

The paper published a caricature of Hariri’s face looking at a mushroom cloud over the devastated city, with a caption: “May you also [get justice],” referring to an investigation that could unveil the cause of the blast.

Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah said on Friday he was not concerned with the trial and that if any members of the group were convicted, it would stand by their innocence.

Hezbollah’s Al Manar TV and the pro-Damascus Al Mayadeen channel did not cover the trial, which other broadcasters in Lebanon were airing live.

Beirut tour guide Nada Nammour, 54, speaking before the reading of the verdict began, said the 2005 bombing was a crime that should be punished. “Lebanon needs to see law and justice.”

A man runs past Hariri’s burning convoy in Beirut on Feb. 14, 2005. The massive car bomb killed Lebanon’s former prime minister on the city’s waterfront. (Mohamed Azakir/JS/ACM/Reuters)

The verdict in The Hague may further polarize the already divided country and complicate an already tumultuous situation after the Aug. 4 blast at Beirut port, where authorities say ammonium nitrate stored unsafely detonated, fuelling public outrage and leading to the government’s resignation.

Hariri’s killing removed a powerful Sunni leader and allowed the further political expansion of Shia power led by Hezbollah and its allies in Lebanon.

Justice 15 years on

The judgment had initially been expected earlier this month, but was delayed after the port explosion.

The investigation and trial in absentia of the four Hezbollah members has taken 15 years and cost roughly $1 billion US. It could result in a guilty verdict and later sentencing of up to life imprisonment, or acquittal.

DNA evidence showed that the blast that killed Hariri was carried out by a male suicide bomber who was never identified.

Prosecutors used cellphone records to argue the men on trial — Salim Jamil Ayyash, Hassan Habib Merhi, Assad Hassan Sabra and Hussein Hassan Oneissi — carefully monitored Hariri’s movements in the months leading up to the attack to time it and to put forward a fake claim of responsibility as a diversion.

Destroyed buildings are visible a day after a massive explosion occurred at the port on Aug. 5 in Beirut. (Daniel Carde/Getty Images)

Court-appointed lawyers said there is no physical evidence linking the four to the crime and they should be acquitted.

Hariri’s son Saad, who took his father’s mantle and has served as premier three times, has said he was not seeking revenge, but that justice must prevail.

Some Lebanese say they are now more concerned with finding out the truth behind the Beirut port blast.

“I do want to know what the verdict is … but what matters now is who did this (port blast) to us because this touched more people,” said Francois, a volunteer helping victims in a ruined district.

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