At the request of Lebanon’s State Security agency, a judge ordered that something be done to secure Warehouse Number 12 in Beirut’s port, and workers were repairing the facility on the afternoon of Aug. 4, hours before a massive explosion there rocked the area, destroying buildings and killing at least 180 people.
The warehouse contained 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate, and documents obtained by The Washington Post show that the highly explosive material was stored next to kerosene, 25 tons of fireworks, and solvents used for stripping paint. Ghassan Oueidat, Lebanon’s chief prosecutor, told the Post the State Security agency was worried not about the dangers posed by the warehouse’s contents, but rather someone stealing the materials. A report sent to the offices of Lebanon’s president and prime minister in July warned that the ammonium nitrate was “dangerous” and “if it were stolen, the thief could use it to manufacture explosives.”
Three workers were tasked with securing the warehouse, and the Post reports they fixed a broken door, closed a hole in a wall, and made sure all other doors were locked. When a fire broke out at around 5:50 p.m. on Aug. 4, the workers had gone home for the day, and Beirut’s fire chief said firefighters were unable to gain access to the warehouse or find any port employees who might have had keys. At 6:08 p.m., the warehouse blew up.
Investigators do not yet know what caused the initial fire or explosion that triggered the blast, but theories include that it was caused by welding sparks or was set on purpose to cover up a theft, the Post reports. This is just one of several mysteries authorities are trying to solve, and some of their questions date back to when the ammonium nitrate arrived on a cargo ship that docked in Beirut in November 2013 — primarily, who originally owned the ammonium nitrate, where was it headed, and was it deliberately diverted to Beirut, where it was seized by authorities in December 2013.
The Post spoke with several people who do not have faith in the government and its ability to properly conduct an investigation. “There’s not a chance in hell there will ever be accountability,” one person with knowledge of the probe said. “A typical coverup is on the way.” Catherine Garcia